General waste is an unwanted refuse material or substance. It may consist of materials from community or household activities (municipal, domestic or camp waste) or from industrial activities (manufacturing, mining or agricultural).
Worldwide, the problem of waste accumulation is reaching threatening proportions. Landfill options are showing more and more weaknesses and are becoming extremely expensive. They are not an efficient solution. As a natural process, nature is converting landfill waste into highly dangerous matter.
Incineration is the most obvious solution for total destruction of municipal waste, avoiding all the direct and indirect risks associated with other disposal methods.
Incineration perfectly fits into a trend of treating waste in a safe way, and if possible, at the same place where it was generated to avoid cross-contamination risk and to keep waste treatment costs at acceptable level.
|Burn Rate (Average)||10 kg/hour||20 kg/hour||30 kg/hour||50 kg/hour||100 kg/hour|
|Feed Capacity(Average)||20kg||40kg||60kg||100kg||200 kg|
|Smoke Filter Chamber||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Oil Consumption (kg/hour)||5.4–12.6||7.8–16.3||10.2–20||12.1–24||14–28|
|Gas Consumption (m3/hour)||6.2–11.4||8–15.7||9.8–20||9.9–26.1||10–32.2|
|Chimney Type||Stainless Steel||Stainless Steel||Stainless Steel||Stainless Steel||Stainless Steel|
|1st. Chamber Temperature||800℃–1000℃||800℃–1000℃||800℃–1000℃||800℃–1000℃||800℃–1000℃|
|2nd. Chamber Temperature||1000℃-1200℃||1000℃-1200℃||1000℃-1200℃||1000℃-1200℃||1000℃-1200℃|
|Residency Time||2.0 Sec.||2.0 Sec.||2.0 Sec.||2.0 Sec.||2.0 Sec.|
Waste feed system into the combustion chamber batch or continuous loading: For continuous loading, the automatic charging ram or auger feed system shall be capable of injecting small amounts of waste at frequent intervals and should be able to prevent waste from being fed when the combustion chamber temperature is less than 850°C. In addition, the waste feed should only be able opened at or below 50°C in an ambient temperature of 21°C.
Primary combustion chamber: Shall be constructed with a casing (reinforced to withstand internal pressures without deflection or damage to the refractory or other components) supported by a structural frame and provided with refractory lining and insulation
Access doors, openings, and gaps: All access doors, openings, and gaps shall be sealed to prevent emission of smoke and exhaust gas and to block admission of air during incinerator operations.
Doors exposed to flame or direct heat of combustion gases shall be lined with the same type and thickness of refractory lining and insulation as that used in the combustion chamber
Grate system for the primary chamber Moving grate, traveling grate, reciprocating grate, or rotating drum grate
Primary combustion chamber temperature # 850°C with no cold spots
Secondary combustion chamber: Shall be constructed with an exterior casing (reinforced to withstand internal pressures without deflection or damage to the refractory or other components) and provided with refractory lining and insulation
Secondary combustion chamber temperature 1100°C or higher
Secondary combustion chamber residence time # 2 seconds after the last injection of air in the secondary chamber
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